Simien Trek – Ethiopians

Photographers know that some of the BEST photos from the developing World are of local people.

I’m always reluctant to ask to take these kinds of photos, but Joshua and Nadine have been living in rural Africa the past two years. They have a good feel for whom to ask, whom to leave alone. Here are a few of their photos from our hike in the Ethiopian highlands.


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There seems to be some invisible line off the hiking trail behind which the kids must stay.

Simien - Josh and Nadine-8

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Simien Trek Ethiopia – day 4

trip report by site editor Rick McCharles

day 1 | day 2 | day 3 | day 4 | info

Day 4: Chenek-Buwahit, 4-6 hrs walking

We were up before the dawn, wanting our best chance of success climbing Mt Bwahit.


Our guards had slept outside beside the tents, despite the cold.


The day before our arrival a young Swiss couple had had their daypack stolen. Cameras, money … passports. :-(

It happens all over the world. It happens here, but not very often. Best guess was that one of the mule drivers had grabbed it. Might have been a young shepard boy, though they are chased out of Camp right quick.

I had my valuables strapped to my waist in a passport case, as always.


Our guide had said that our best chance to see Walia Ibex would be this morning. We weren’t disappointed. We saw a number up on a ridge. And later down by the road. They are not shy.


… only about 500 individuals survived in the mountains of Ethiopia, concentrated in the Semien Mountains, largely due to past poaching and habitat depletion. If the population were to increase, the surrounding mountain habitat would be sufficient enough to sustain only 2,000 ibex. The adult walia ibex’s only known wild predator is the hyena. …

I was still feeling weak though I had not lost my dinner from the previous evening.

I’d not slept much. Happily, as we climbed, I seemed to get stronger.

Though we ascended about 800m in less than 3 hours, it wasn’t all that cold. The sun helps for sure. We added and removed layers frequently.


Disappointingly, the road winds up close to the top of the mountain. At times we walked it.

There’s not much traffic, of course. Clouds rolled up the escarpment early. We’d need to reach the top before the clouds did.


We were very surprised to see snow on the top.




This is one of the few spots in Africa where snow falls regularly.

Nadine found snow in Africa

Nadine found snow in Africa


Mt Bwahit (4430m) is the third highest mountain in Ethiopia and the 13th or 14th highest in Africa.

This is as far as we got following the escarpment. But the road continues to Mekane Berhan, 10km past the Park.


In fact you can keep going 17 days all the way to Lalibela, if you like.

We celebrated with summit photos.

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Simien - Josh and Nadine-3

Simien - Josh and Nadine

I left a Summit Stone in the cairn.

Nadine turns back. She’ll be reunited with her husband later in the afternoon.


Neither Nadine or I felt many altitude symptoms. Lucky. She gave some medication, on the trail, to one of the other hikers who was feeling rotten.

Obama is wildly popular in Africa though most distrust the American government.


We saw many more baboons on the descent. We’d left too early to see them on the way up.


The decent was quick. Psychologically, I was ready to go. The Simien a success.


In most high mountains lammergeier (bearded vulture) stay far away from me. But here they float right over your tent. After many attempts, this was the best photo I got. They have up to nearly 10ft (2.83 m) wingspan.


Here’s Josh’s best photo.

lammergeier - Josh and Nadine

In Ethiopia, they’ve become more tolerant of people, now common near trash piles on the outskirts of small villages and towns.

We saw wild chickens on the way down, too. Nur told us that when he was a shepard, age-5 to age-10, he loved to try to catch one for dinner.

Heading out, I risked eating lunch.


Nadine was the one of the few hikers who completed ALL the original planned itinerary. But she was ready to head back to Gondor.


It’s a long, bumpy ride back to the Park gates. The roads are bad even in a Toyota Landcruiser.

The closest good hospital is in Dabark. If you crash like this :-( … they have an ambulance. Another ambulance, I mean.


Rich tourists from the highest lodge in Africa take a short day hike to see baboons. Or do a tourist ride. Meh.


We tipped around 10% of our tour cost, aside for the cooks who got almost nothing. If the clients get sick, the cooks didn’t do the job.

I suggested to Mohammad, a super guy, that he and the other cooks put a big bottle of alcohol gel on the dining tables. Every time. And to ask cooks and assistants to use it non-stop while preparing food for foreigners.

About half of the hikers I spoke with had stomach problems. Clearly the cook house is not sanitary enough. Cooks work together. If one has dirty hands, it’s possible that all the food will be infected.

When we arrived at the Four Sisters restaurant in Gondar that evening, to celebrate, there was a large bottle of alcohol gel on the table. But don’t expect to see one on a Simien trek any time soon. Inertia is great in Africa.

Four Sisters

I’ll suggest to future hikers that they consider bringing their own stove, cook their own food.

Nur and Hailie

Thanks to Nur and Halie, childhood buddies, who are still working together. Nur Hassan is Coordinator for I’ll be recommending them.

Our cost was $1000 for 3 people for 4 days, all inclusive. The lowest price I heard quoted was $250 each for 7 people in one group.

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day 1 | day 2 | day 3 | day 4 | info

Simien Trek Ethiopia – day 3

trip report by site editor Rick McCharles

day 1 | day 2 | day 3 | day 4 | info

Day 3: Gich-Chennek (3600 m), 7-8 hrs walking

A cold night.



But the sky was blue. People keen to get an early start. This would be the best day of the trek.

I love these high altitude grassy plateaus.

Vegetation changes significantly with altitude. Giant lobelias dominate the landscape from here on in.



Nadine likes what our guide called Everlast, too. This high altitude plant blooms year round.


The heart of the mountains. The central viewpoint of the Simien traverse.


It’s a bit of a scramble.


It’s from here that some see similarities with the Grand Canyon. Our trip organizer, Nur, joked that Simien is more of a Green Canyon.



In fact, only South Africa’s Drakensberg were formed in the same manner. That’s the best comparison.



Spanish Moss. Old Man’s Beard.


When it’s dry, the trails are easy walking.


There’s always an EMERGENCY horse waiting. Many fall victim to symptoms of altitude sickness. There are always people selling knickknacks. Their starting price for bartering is usually $8. For anything.


We stopped for lunch at yet another fantastic cliffside viewpoint.



The cold encouraged us to get moving again. This is 4000m (13,000+ft).




I love best the sections of trail walking the escarpment cliff edge.


The drop is typically 600 – 800m. There is one trail up from the lowlands, using ladders. Park Rangers use it.


Red Hot Pokers. The prettiest flower on the trail.


Finally we caught a glimpse of Camp.


One of the great treats of a guided hike is having hot drinks ready on arrival.


These are our mule drivers.


We had hardly seen them as they and their beasts are not welcome at Camp. They were astonished and thrilled with a combined $15 tip. This is likely the only hiking trip they’ll get in a year. There are thousands of horses in the Simien, all waiting their turn to carry tents, stoves and sleeping bags.

At every campsite in the world there’s some camp thief looking to eat your lunch. In the Simien, it’s the thick-billed raven.


Atypically, the clouds rolled in.


I felt there was still zero chance of rain. It’s the dry season.

At 5:30pm we headed over to the cliff edge. Waiting.



At 6:10pm the baboons headed for the cliff.


Geladas sleep, when they can, on steep slopes for protection from predators, quite near the Ibex. Baboons have excellent hearing. Ibex excellent vision. Either/or may detect a lurking predator above.

I tried to stay up later around the campfire. But it was too smokey.


Another early night.

more photos

day 1 | day 2 | day 3 | day 4 | info

Simien Trek Ethiopia – day 2

trip report by site editor Rick McCharles

day 1 | day 2 | day 3 | day 4 | info

Day 2: Sankaber-Gich (3600 m), 5-6 hrs walking

I couldn’t sleep.

Tossing. Turning.

My stomach, not perfect on arrival for this adventure, was getting worse.

At midnight I rushed to the filthy toilet with diarrhea.

At about 2am I awoke suddenly, urgent to vomit outside the door of my tent.

Disgusting. But I was too sick and tired to worry about it until daylight.


Early morning the thick-billed ravens squawked around my tent … eating the vomit. It was entirely cleaned up by the time I finally got up.


These birds are the biggest and noisiest ravens I’ve ever seen, unique to this region. They mostly travel in male/female pairs.

Breakfast is normally a highlight of these guided camping trips. But I couldn’t eat today. As a test I forced down coffee and a couple of bites of scrambled egg.


Our gear would ride horseback today. A mob of mule drivers crowded around, hoping they would get work.


There’s a maximum weight / horse. 45kg or thereabouts.


Back to the impressive escarpment walk. Amazing views.


Joshua is smiling here, but his stomach was getting worse by the minute. He and I had eaten fish the evening before. We speculated that it was the fish that made us both sick. Why were we eating fish at 3000m in a land that has little refrigeration?


The vegetation seemed to get more interesting the higher we climbed.



We tried resting at the waterfall lookout, but Josh was getting sicker. He spoke, for the first time, of possible quitting the hike. Not only was his stomach bad, but he was feeling symptoms of altitude sickness.


waterfall Simien - Josh and Nadine

Climbing back up to the road, we discussed our options. With an interested local audience.


Camp tonight was much higher (3600m) and much more remote. If we continued and Josh was to get sicker, there was no road escape route.

We could try descending and see if he improved, but if we waited too long, there may be no vehicles heading back down this afternoon.

There are a few tourists jeeps each day. And these local people movers.


Finally one of those heading down arrived. Josh made the decision. Hopped up into the truck, paying an absurd $30 for the ride back down to Dabark. Happily one of the hiking guides was in the truck. He promised to get Josh to the mini-bus station and all the way back to Gondar.

It was the correct decision. But it wasn’t easy for Nadine to continue without her husband.

I felt Josh was decided, determined and rational when he scrambled up into the truck.


Later we learned he couldn’t even remember departing. His mind was confused all the way back to Debarq where he was detained for riding illegally in the truck! :-(

Luckily he was finally allowed to take a cab the 2 hours back to Gondar, all the minibuses having departed.


At lunch we were visited by hungry goats.


Baboons live here in conflict with local farmers.


Farmers grow barley. And it was being harvested. Geladas like to eat barley. Each field has a child who’s job it is to chase away baboons.


This lovely Muslim village has 1200 people.


Our scout, Adim, lives here. So he greeted most everyone we met.


My stomach at this point was 90% OK. I’d eaten almost nothing all day. But I was very tired. It was a huge relief when we finally made camp.

I only wanted to lie down for a nap.

But as I dropped my pack, Paul ran over and said: “What are you doing? The Ethiopian wolf is here.”

We rushed to look.

Ethiopian Wolf

The Ethiopian wolf is native to the Ethiopian Highlands. It is similar to the coyote in size and build …

Unlike most large canids, which are widespread, generalist feeders, the Ethiopian wolf is a highly specialised feeder of Afroalpine rodents with very specific habitat requirements. It is one of the world’s rarest canids, and Africa’s most endangered carnivore. …

Only about 400 survive in 7 different mountain ranges, perhaps 90 in Simien.

Instead of climbing up to the famed sunset viewpoint with Nadine, I crashed in my tent for an hour.



Africa sunsets are the best anywhere, however. I forced myself to get up with my camera.








Nadine got the BIG views up high.

Simien - Josh and Nadine


I ate almost nothing for dinner. Went to bed immediately. The indoor campfire was too smokey.

more photos

day 1 | day 2 | day 3 | day 4 | info

Simien Trek Ethiopia – day 1

trip report by site editor Rick McCharles

day 1 | day 2 | day 3 | day 4 | info

Day 1: Gondar-Sankaber (3250 m), 3-4 hours walking

6:30am Ethiopian coffee

7am pick-up at the (recommended) L-Shape Hotel in the tourist town Gondar. Room about $13 in 2014.


It was an easy 2hr drive to Debarq, the jumping off point for Simien Mountains National Park. Quick stop at the National Park office.



We had breakfast at the Great Work Hotel. Excellent Mango juice.

Our car returned with gear, guide, cook and … personal armed Park Ranger. They call themselves Scouts. A guard is still required for each trekking group in 2014, though these days it’s more of a make work project for the Rangers.

We drove through the Park gates and continued about another hour.


This road is rough. Though it was being improved while we were there.


We’re HERE. Trekking the Simien mountains. What a thrill.

Simien Ethiopia Map


I’d joined Josh and Nadine, a couple from Edmonton, Canada who have been volunteering in Burundi for the past 2 years.


Here’s our excellent Guide, Adoo.


And our Scout, Adim.


Immediately we headed for the great escarpment.


It’s a long, long way down. About 800m here.


Simien - Josh and Nadine horse

Local people are everywhere. This is a shared use National Park.



We heard that road and power lines being moved further away from the trekking route. I hope that’s true.


Adoo detoured from the cliff when he spotted a group of 200-400 Gelada baboons. (more photos)


Geladas are found only in the high grassland of the deep gorges of the central Ethiopian plateau. They live in elevations 1,800–4,400 m above sea level, using the cliffs for sleeping and montane grasslands for foraging. …

Geladas are the only primates that are primarily graminivores and grazers – grass blades make up to 90% of their diet. They eat both the blades and the seeds of grasses. …


They mate in May, have babies in November. Females were very protective of their youngest. Some looked like newborns.


We sat down and let the group graze past us. Some of the toddlers were curious enough to TRY to touch us.

Simien - Rick baboons 600

What a fantastic 2 hours. This might be the best wildlife encounter anywhere in the world. It was my best wildlife encounter ever. :-)

Simien was one of the first sites to be made a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (1978). Due to serious population declines of some of its characteristic native species, in 1996 it was also added to the List of World Heritage in Danger.

The word Semien means north in Amharic. But the name Simien and the word simian do make a good mnemonic for this hike. Geladas are the highilght. :-)

Elated, we shuffled another hour or so to Camp 1. Talking about the baboons.


poison tomatoes

poison tomatoes

It’s a very easy half day, yet everyone was huffing and puffing due to altitude.

Popcorn and hot drinks on arrival were much appreciated.


I rested an hour. (I opted to use my own tent. Not the one supplied.)


We headed over to the ridge for the sunset, surprised how cold it was in Africa at night.


Josh got some great pics.




Dinner was impressive: soup, bread, fish, salad, spinach, deep fried banana. I skipped the salad (worried about my health) but tried some of everything else.


We checked the full moon, then retreated to our tents. There was no campfire. I climbed into 2 sleeping bags. The one provided. And my own. Everyone was surprised how cold it was at night in Simien.

Simien - Josh and Nadine

more photos

day 1 | day 2 | day 3 | day 4 | info

new film – A Walk in the Woods

A Walk in the Woods / U.S.A. (Director: Ken Kwapis, Screenwriters: Rick Kerb, Bill Holderman)

An aging travel writer sets out to hike the 2,100-mile Appalachian Trail with a long-estranged high school buddy. Along the way, the duo face off with each other, nature, and an eccentric assortment of characters. Together, they learn that some roads are better left untraveled.

Cast: Robert Redford, Nick Nolte, Emma Thompson, Mary Steenburgen, Nick Offerman, Kristen Schaal.

Premiere is at … Sundance. No surprise.

Walk in the Woods

Redford is Bryson. Nick Nolte is Katz. :-)

Gelada baboons, Ethiopia

by site editor Rick McCharles

I hiked the Simien mountains in northern Ethiopia with Joshua and Nadine from Edmonton. They are nurses living in Africa for the past 2 years, putting together a rural Health Clinic in Burundi.

The biggest highlight was hanging out with Geladas, the friendliest simians anywhere.

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Geladas are found only in the high grassland of the deep gorges of the central Ethiopian plateau. They live in elevations 1,800–4,400 m above sea level, using the cliffs for sleeping and montane grasslands for foraging. …

Geladas are the only primates that are primarily graminivores and grazers – grass blades make up to 90% of their diet. They eat both the blades and the seeds of grasses. …

Geladas are primarily diurnal. At night, they sleep on the ledges of cliffs. At sunrise, they leave the cliffs and travel to the tops of the plateaus to feed and socialize …

The gelada is large and robust. It is covered with buff to dark brown, coarse hair and has a dark face with pale eyelids. Its arms and feet are nearly black. Its short tail ends in a tuft of hair …

… males average 18.5 kg (40.8 lb) while females are smaller, averaging 11 kg (24.3 lb). …

The gelada has a unique gait, known as the shuffle gait, that it uses when feeding. It squats bipedally and moves by sliding its feet without changing its posture. …

Protected and not endangered, these grass eaters are comfortable with people coming close. A few of the curious babies reached out and almost touched us.

Simien - Rick baboons

In 2008, the IUCN assessed the gelada as Least Concern, although their population had reduced from an estimated 440,000 in the 1970s to around 200,000 in 2008.

Here are more of Josh and Nadine’s photos.

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I posted high resolution versons of those on my flickr.